limestone pavement

   1. A level, or gently inclined, bare limestone surface scored and fretted by karren. The stripping of soil or cover rocks to expose the bare rock pavement is a glacial process, and the development of the karren — both the dissolutional enlargement of the joints and also the dissolutional carving of runnels — is largely post-glacial. Limestone pavements are characteristic features of glaciokarst and occur extensively in the north of England, in the Burren of County Clare in Ireland and on many high alpine limestones [9].
   2. A bare plane surface of limestone, parallel to the bedding, commonly divided into blocks (clints, Flachkarren) by solutionally widened joints (grikes, Kluftkarren), and pitted by solution pans [10].
   3. A glaciokarstic landform, produced on a glacially planed limestone surface which has subsequently become dissected into blocks (clints or dalles) by solutionenlargement of vertical joints [19].
   3. Horizontal or sloping platforms of bare limestone whose surface usually coincides with bedding-plane partings of the rock; often eroded into clint and grikes rock forms [20].
   Synonyms: (French.) plateforme calcaire; (German.) Kalk Plattform, Limestone Pavement; (Greek.) karstikon lithostroton; (Spanish.) lapiaz entrecruzado; (Turkish.) kireçtaÕ2 döÕemesi.
   See also clint; grike; Karrenfeld.

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • limestone pavement — noun (geology) A surface of exposed limestone resembling a pavement • • • Main Entry: ↑lime …   Useful english dictionary

  • Limestone pavement — Detail of the large limestone pavement in the Yorkshire Dales between Ingleborough and Pen y ghent …   Wikipedia

  • limestone pavement —    (not preferred)    refer to pavement karst …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • limestone pavement — noun A natural karst landform consisting of a flat limestone slabs (clints) separated by fissures (grikes) …   Wiktionary

  • limestone pavement —   a lagstone pattern appearing on exposed, flat upper surfaces of a mass of limestone. Water runs along joints and cracks in the rock and rapidly enlarges them through carbonation. These cracks are called grikes. The blocks they leave defined are …   Geography glossary

  • Pavement — may refer to:* Pavement (material), the durable surfacing of roads and walkways ( road surface in British English) * Sidewalk, a walkway along the side of a road, in American English ( pavement in British English and Philadelphia dialect) *… …   Wikipedia

  • pavement —    See limestone pavement …   Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology

  • pavement — noun 1》 Brit. a raised paved or asphalted path for pedestrians at the side of a road. 2》 N. Amer. the hard surface of a road or street. 3》 Geology a horizontal expanse of bare rock with cracks or joints: a limestone pavement. Origin ME: from OFr …   English new terms dictionary

  • pavement karst —    Areas of bare limestone, usually sculpted by solution erosion into karren of various types and where soils have been stripped off, commonly by glaciation in alpine areas (e.g., Rocky Mountains, USA) and high latitudes, and by water erosion in… …   Glossary of landform and geologic terms

  • Carboniferous limestone — is a type of limestone rock, which was laid down in Great Britain and Ireland in the Dinantian stage of the Carboniferous period. It was formed between 363 and 325 million years ago. It is one of the three most common types of limestone found in… …   Wikipedia

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